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大年夜学英语四级测验语法基本精讲:英语语法16种时态第三讲

lzy 于2017-07-14发布 l 已有人浏览
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英语语法16种时态第三讲

 普通将来时 

☑ 表示将来会产生的举措,根本构造是will / shall do

【例】We will call you. 我们会打给你的。

☑ 表示“计算去……,要……”时,可用be going to do

【例】She is going to tell mom about what you did. 她要去告诉母亲你干的功德。

☑表示“行将、正要”时,可用be about to do。强调近期内或立时要做的事

【例】You have to tell her this is a prank, she is about to call the police. 你得告诉她这是个恶作剧,她要打德律风报警了。

别的:

 "be to do"表示“将会做”

【例】Your complaint is to be attended right now. 我们立时处理您的赞扬;

有些动词,如:arrive, be close, come, do, done, go, have, leave, open, play, return, sleep, start, stay等,用于普通停止时,并且平日与一个表示将来时间的时间状语连用,可以表示将来时

【例】The new shopping mall is opening tomorrow morning. 新的购物百货将在明天上午停业。

留意事项:

在以if, when, as long as, as soon as, after, before, in case, until, unless等连词和具有连词感化的副词(immediately, the moment, directly)等引导的状语从句,普通用如今时代替将来时

【例】I won't tell her the truth if you pay me 1000 dollars.假设你给我1000美元,我就不告诉她本相是甚么。

将来停止时

☑ 强调在将来的某个详细时间正在产生的举措或任务

【例】Tell me when you are ready, I'll be waiting downstairs. 你预备好了就告诉我,我在楼劣等你。

将来完成时 

☑ 表示从将来的某一时间开端、延续到另外一个将来时间的举措或状况,或是产生在某个将来时间,但对厥后的另外一个将来时间有影响的举措或状况

【例】The conference will have lasted a full week by the time it ends. 会议停止的时辰应当曾经开了一周了。

将来完成停止时

☑ 将来完成停止时表示举措从将来的某一时间开端一向延续到将来某一时间,重要构造是shall have been doing和will have been doing  

【例】By the end of next month, they will have been married 30 years. 下个月末是他们的娶亲30周年纪念。

之前完成停止时

☑ 之前完成停止时指的是相对之前的某个时辰来讲曾经对如今有直接影响并且还在停止的举措,构造是had been doing

【例】My daughter had been writing diary everyday before I came home last week. 上周我回家之前,我的女儿每天都写日记。

 之前将来停止时 

☑ 之前将来停止时表示就之前某一时间而言,将来某一时辰或某一段时间正在停止的举措,构造是should be doing , would be doing

【例】She promised me that she would be cooking dinner at home when I come back tomorrow night. 她准予过我,明晚我回来的时辰她会在家做晚餐。 

 之前将来完成时 

☑ 之前将来完成时表示从之前不雅点看将来某时某举措已完成,重要构造是should have done , would have done

【例】I thought Sophia would have told you something. 我想索菲娅会曾经告诉了你一些情况。

之前将来完成停止时

☑ 之前将来完成停止时表举措从之前某一时间开端一向延续到之前将来某一时间。举措能否持续下去,由高低文决定。这个时态用得比拟较较少,构造普通是should have been doing , would have been doing

【例】I heard by the end of June you would have been working here for 10 years. 我听说到了六月底,你就在这里任务了10年了。

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