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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 26(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-04-26发布 l 已有人浏览
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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debase

v. to make lower 抬高

 

n. debasement

The newspaper's constant reports on the frivolity and incompetence of women debases women's position in society.

这份报纸赓续地报导有关妇女的轻浮和无能,抬高妇女在社会上的地位。

* frivolity

轻浮

Synonym

同义词:abase; degrade; demean

Antonym

反义词:elevate; exalt

demolish

v. to tear down; to destroy 撤除;破坏

The old run-down pier at the downtown waterfront will be demolished to make way for a waterside park.

位于郊区江边那个老旧荒废的船埠,行将撤除改建成河干公园。

* run-down

荒废的

* pier

船埠

Synonym

同义词:ruin; raze

Antonym

反义词: construct; rebuild;restore

deviate

v. to turn away; to stray 偏离;背背

 

n. deviation

Be careful not to deviate too far from the marked hiking trails or you may get lost.

当心不要离有记号的徒步途径太远,不然你能够会迷路。

* trail

小径

diameter

n. line across the center of a circle 直径

The little girl fell into a mining shaft with a diameter of only two feet.

那个小女孩掉落进一个直径只要二尺宽的矿井。

* shaft

矿井;透风管道

diaphanous

adj. that can be seen through 透明的

The topmost layer of the skirt was made of a diaphanous layer of chiffon.

这件裙子的最外层是一层薄纱。

* chiffon

薄纱

Synonym

同义词:sheer; transparent

Antonym

反义词:opaque

disconsolate

adj. sad; that cannot be consoled 哀伤的

The three young children were disconsolate upon hearing of the death of their mother.

这三个小孩听到母亲去世的消息,异常哀伤。

Synonym

同义词:inconsolable; grief-stricken

Antonym

反义词:cheerful

dispersion

n. strewing apart in different directions 分散;分布

The explosion led to the dispersion of a poisonous chemical into the atmosphere.

爆炸招致一种有毒的化学物质分布到大年夜气中。

Synonym

同义词:scattering; spreading

Antonym

反义词:assemblage

diverge

v. to turn or branch away from 不合

 

adj. divergent

Although we are in agreement on the earliest beginnings of human life, our theories diverge after that.

固然在人类生命最后的来源方面,我们看法分歧,但以后的阶段,我们的实际便岀现不合。

Synonym

同义词:divide; disagree

Antonym

反义词:converge; conform

eulogy

n. high praise 歌颂

 

v. eulogize

Gloria asked a close friend of the family to come to the funeral to give a eulogy.

葛罗莉亚请求一名家族石友来参加葬礼,致歌颂辞。

Synonym

同义词:encomium; glorification

Antonym

反义词:vilification; slander

euphemism

n. substitution of pleasant way of saying something blunt or unpleasant 委宛的说法

Ann used euphemisms to explain that Harry's parents had died and that he had gone insane.

安用很委宛的方法解释哈利的父母已去世,而他因此发疯。

* insane

猖狂的

euphonious

adj. pleasant in sound 动听的

As we passed by the concert hall, we could hear euphonious melodies coming from within.

当我们经过音乐厅时,可以听到从外面传出来动听的旋律。

Synonym

同义词:melodious; dulcet; tuneful

Antonym

反义词:grating; harsh

exasperate

v. to make ill feeling; to irritate 激愤

Craig exasperated us all by constantly asking us if we had remembered to bring the tickets with us.

克雷格赓续询问我们有没有带票,把我们一切人都激愤了。

Synonym

同义词:infuriate; enrage; provoke

Antonym

反义词:appease; mollify

exhume

v. to take out from the earth 掘出

 

n. exhumation

The court allowed the research team to exhume the body of the man to do an autopsy to find the true cause of death.

法院许可调査小组把那小我的尸首挖出来,停止验尸任务,以找出真实的逝世因。

* autopsy

验尸

Synonym

同义词:unearth; dig up

Antonym

反义词:bury; inter; inhume

explicit

adj. clearly and fully expressed 明白的

Martin left his roommates explicit instructions about giving his six dogs their meals while he was gone.

马丁分开时,留给他室友明白的指导,告诉他若作甚他的六条狗预备食品。

Synonym

同义词:definite; clear-cut; precise

Antonym

反义词:ambiguous; implicit; obscure; vague

extraterritorial

adj. beyond the territory of a nation 治外法权的

Because the crime was extraterritorial, the police had no power to arrest the criminals.

由于这件案子属于治外法权的范围,所以警方无权逮捕罪人。

extravagant

adj. going beyond what is reasonable, usual or conventional 1. 过度的 2. 浪费的

The Johnsons held an extravagant affair to celebrate the announcement of their daughter's engagement.

强森家宣布女儿订婚了,他们举办异常浪费的活动来庆贺。

* affair

活动;庆贺

Synonym

同义词:1. excessive 2. prodigal; lavish

Antonym

反义词:1. restrained 2. frugal; economical

hyperbole

n. exaggerated statements made for effect 夸大法

Flora used hyperboles to impress the importance of what she was saying on the children.

芙洛拉用夸大的办法,让孩子们明白她说的话的重要性。

Synonym

同义词:overstatement

Antonym

反义词:understatement; litotes

hyperborean

adj. situated in the extreme north ; very cold 极北的;冰冷的

Very few of the Taiwanese exchange students could acclimate themselves to the hyperborean winters in Wisconsin.

台湾来的交换留先生中,很少人能适应威斯康辛州冰冷的冬季。

* acclimate

适应新情况

hypercritical

adj. too critical 苛求的

Constance's hypercritical remarks wounded James' pride and left him disheartened.

康史坦丝吹毛求疵的评论伤了詹姆斯的自负,使他很沮丧。

* disheartened

沮丧的;气馁的

Synonym

同义词:captious; carping

ignominious

adj. bringing shame; dishonorable 不荣誉的

The company president's ignominious arrest and conviction forced the company into bankruptcy.

这家公司的总裁遭受不荣誉的逮捕及判罪,迫使该公司宣布破产。

* conviction

判罪;入罪

Synonym

同义词:disreputable; discreditable; disgraceful

Antonym

反义词:honorable

immure

v. to imprison; to shut a person up 囚禁;羁系

 

n. immurement

Immured in the castle dungeon for years, the peasant was unable to take the mental strain and finally went mad.

被囚禁盘城堡地牢多年,农民没法遭受心思的包袱,终究发疯了。

* dungeon

地牢

* strain

包袱

impecunious

adj. having little or no money 贫困的

His family being impecunious, young Frederick was forced to take two jobs to help feed his family.

由于家道贫苦,年青的弗雷德瑞克自愿做两份任务,来协助养家。

Synonym

同义词:destitute; indigent

Antonym

反义词:affluent; prosperous

insomnia

n. inability to sleep 掉眠

Greg's stress over his work was causing insomnia which was making him susceptible to getting sick.

葛瑞格的任务压力太大年夜,招致他掉眠,而使他很轻易生病。

* susceptible

易受感染的

Synonym

同义词:sleeplessness

intricate

adj. complicated; difficult to understand 复杂的

Gertrude admired the hard work it required to make lace with such intricate patterns.

葛楚异常佩服要做出花样如此复杂的花边,所必须下的功夫。

Synonym

同义词:complex; elaborate

invulnerable

adj. not able to be hurt 不会受伤害的

The country's possession of nuclear weapons convinced them they were invulnerable to any attack.

该国具有核兵器使他们信赖,他们能抵当任何进击而不受伤害。

Synonym

同义词:invincible

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