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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 28(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-04-29发布 l 已有人浏览
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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panacea

n. remedy far all diseases 万妙药

The new drug developed by the laboratory is not a panacea for cancer, but it will help in many cases.

实验室所开辟出来的新药,其实不是癌症的万妙药,但它对很多病例会有赞助。

pandemonium

n. wild and noisy disorder 喧哗;大年夜纷乱

When the teacher returned to her kindergarten classroom, it was complete pandemonium with children running around and yelling.

当师长教员回到幼儿园的教室时,那边是一片纷乱,孩子们大年夜声喊叫、跑来跑去。

Synonym

同义词:racket; tumult; chaos

panorama

n. wide and complete view 全景

Our hotel's rotating dining room offers a panorama of the city as you've never seen before.

本饭铺中改变式的餐厅,能让您看到您前所未见的郊区全景。

* rotate

改变

parallelism

n. state of being parallel; similarity 平行;类似

These two philosophers are always studied together because of the parallelism of their theories.

由于这两位哲学家的实际类似,所以人们总是一路研究他们。

paranoid

adj. suffering from delusions 患妄图症的

After important records were altered by a computer hacker, Nick grew paranoid that his company would become bankrupt.

在重要的记录被不法入侵电脑者更改以后,尼克变得有妄图症,认为他的公司会破产。

* hacker

不法入侵电脑者

paraphrase

v. to restate in different words 改写

Our teacher asked us to paraphrase Brutus' speech from Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar" in modem English.

师长教员要我们将莎士比亚的剧作厂凯撒大年夜帝」中布鲁特斯的演说,用现代英文改写。

Synonym

同义词:transcribe

perfunctory

adj. done without care 敷衍的

The police did a perfunctory search of the office, knowing the suspect had escaped long ago.

警方草草地搜一搜办公室,知道嫌犯早曾经逃脱了。

Synonym

同义词:cursory; superficial

Antonym

反义词:attentive; assiduous; thorough

perpendicular

adj. at an angle of 90 degrees 垂直的

The perpendicular white cliffs of Dover are one of Britian's most spectacular sights.

多佛陡悄的白色绝壁是英国最壮不雅的风景之一。

Synonym

同义词:vertical; upright; precipitous

Antonym

反义词:horizontal

posterity

n. person's descendants; future generations (集合名词)后代

Herbert demanded that his grandmother? s handmade quilt not be sold so he could save it for posterity.

赫伯特请求不要将祖母亲手做的棉被卖掉落,他要把它耳传给后代。

Synonym

同义词:offspring; progeny; issue

posthumous

adj. coming or happening after death 逝世后的

The author's posthumous novel sold quickly, as book collectors knew that his last work would one day be valuable.

那位作家逝世后出版的小说卖得很好,由于藏书家们知道,他的遗作将会很值钱。

Synonym

同义词:post-mortem

precocious

adj. ahead of time 早熟的

 

n. precocity

The child's precocious vocabulary startled his kindergarten teacher.

这个孩子早熟的字汇,使幼儿园师长教员大年夜为吃惊。

Synonym

同义词:premature; forward

Antonym

反义词:retarded; backward

predilection

n. special liking 偏好

Sean's predilection for traveling to exotic, far-away places led to his decision to become a career tour guide.

西恩关于去悠远的他乡观光的偏好,使他决定成为专业导游。

* exotic

异国风情的

Synonym

同义词:bias; partiality; preference; inclination

prodigal

adj. wasteful; spending too much 浪费的

Marianna worried that Jeff's prodigal ways would lead to his ruin.

玛丽安娜担心杰夫的浪费会招致他的息灭。

Synonym

同义词:extravagant; spendthrift; profligate

Antonym

反义词:parsimonious; frugal; thrifty

profane

adj. showing contempt for God or holy things 亵渎的

 

v. profane

Ivan's highly religious grandmother considered his refusal to marry in the church as profane.

伊凡的祖母异常忠诚,她认为伊凡拒绝在教堂娶亲,是一种亵渎的行动。

Synonym

同义词:sacrilegious; blasphemous

Antonym

反义词:reverent; religious

refraction

n. bending aside, as when a ray of light enters water or glass 折射

 

v. refract

Nora demonstrated refraction by placing a pencil in a glass full of water.

诺拉把一支铅笔放在装满水的玻璃杯中,来解释折射的景象。

rejuvenate

v. to make young again 使恢复芳华

Many cosmetics companies advertise products that will rejuvenate the skin, although this is physically impossible.

很多化妆品公司登载产品告白,表示能使皮肤恢复芳华,然则就心思上而言, 这是弗成能的。

* cosmetic

化妆品

relinquish

v. to give up 放弃

The mayor announced he would relinquish his office if he was found negligent in the restaurant fire.

市长宣布,假设査出他在此次餐厅大年夜火的不测中有疏掉的话,他就下台。

Synonym

同义词:abandon; renounce; forgo

subservient

adj. 1. assistant 帮助的 2. giving too much respect to 卑屈的

Upper management required our department^ subservient compliance to their demands, no matter how ridiculous.

下级主管要我们部分卑屈地服从他们的请求,不管请求是多么荒诞。

* compliance

服从

Synonym

同义词:1 .auxiliary; instrumental 2. servile

Antonym

反义词:2. domineering

subversive

adj. tending to overthrow or destroy 颠覆的

The state deemed his political ideas as subversive and imprisoned him in a hard labor camp for twenty-five years.

当局认为他的政治思维有颠覆的偏向,因而将他关入劳改营达二十五年。

Synonym

同义词:perversive; incendiary; riotous

supercilious

adj. thinking others of little importance; arrogant 目空一切的;自负年夜的

The son of a rich and important businessman, Thurston took on a supercilious air towards the other students.

身为一名富有且无足轻重的商人之子,瑟斯顿以目空一切的立场对待其他同窗。

Synonym

同义词:vainglorious; haughty; insolent

Antonym

反义词:meek; unassuming; humble

superimpose

 

 

v. to put one thing on top of something else 置于他物之上;添加

In the movie, "Forrest Gump," computers were used to superimpose the actor's image onto films of dead presidents.

在片子「阿甘正传」里,他们用电脑将演员的影象参加已故总统的影片中。

syllogism

 

 

n. reaching a conclusion from two statements 三段论法

A famous example of a syllogism is, "Socrates is a man. All men are mortal. Therefore, Socrates is mortal."

三段论法最有名的例子是:「苏格拉底是人,一切人都邑逝世,所以苏格拉底也会逝世。」

synthesis

n. combination of separate parts 综合;分解

This performance is the synthesis of two different styles of dance, creating a whole new type of dance.

这场扮演是综合两种不合风格的舞蹈,创造出一种全新的舞蹈。

Synonym

同义词:amalgamation; blend

transfuse

v. to pour from one container to another 移注;灌注贯注

The toxic liquid was transfused to air-tight containers and then buried.

毒液被注人密闭的容器中,然后埋葬起来。

transparent

adj. able to be seen through 透明的

The petals of the flower were so delicate that they were almost transparent.

那朵花的花瓣异常纤细,简直是透明的。

Synonym

同义词:diaphanous; transpicuous; crystalline

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