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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 30(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-05-05发布 l 已有人浏览
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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aphorism

n. short, wise saying 格言;警句

The aphorism by which Sonya conducts her business is, "Time is money."

桑雅处理营业所遵守的座右铭是:「时间就是金钱。」

Synonym

同义词:maxim; dictum; adage; precept

cauterize

v. to bum with a caustic substance or with a hot iron 炙烤

To stop the bleeding, the doctor had to cauterize the artery.

为了止血,大夫必须炙烤动脉。

* artery

动脉

complicity

n. taking part with another person in crime 共谋

Otis' complicity in hiding stolen goods for Tony made him guilty of the crime too.

奥提斯为东尼保管赃物,这类共谋的行动,使他也有罪。

Synonym

同义词:conspiracy; collusion; connivance

conformity

n. agreement 分歧

Japanese society prizes conformity over individuality, beating down the nail that sticks out.

日本社会看重分歧性,而非小我主义,他们会攻击崭露头角的人。

* beat down

打倒;压抑

* stick out

凹陷

Synonym

同义词:consistency; uniformity; congruity

decrepitude

n. state of being old and weak 衰老;破旧

The decrepitude of the building made it more economical to tear it down and rebuild than to renovate.

将这栋破旧的修建物拆掉落重建,要比整修来得划算。

* renovate

修复

Synonym

同义词:senility; dilapidation

defeatist

n. person whose attitude is based on expectations of defeat 掉败主义者

Thomas is a defeatist who never considers the possibility of success.

汤玛斯是个掉败主义者,他历来都不认为会有成功的能够。

ductile

adj. 1. metal capable of being drawn into wire 可延展的 2. easily managed 驯良的

Copper is very ductile and can be made into very fine wires.

铜的延展性很好,可以制成异常细的铜丝。

Ductile work beasts, such as oxen, make good plow animals.

温驯的役兽,例如牛,是很好的犁田植物。

* copper

* plow

犁;耕地

Synonym

同义词:1. plastic; malleable 2. docile

eccentricity

n. strangeness of behavior; strange habit 古怪;怪癖

As Geoffrey was such a nice elderly man, most people just put up with his eccentricity.

由于杰佛瑞是个异常亲切的老人,所以大年夜多半人都邑容忍他的怪癖。

* put up with

忍耐

Synonym

同义词:idiosyncrasy; singularity; oddity; weirdness

entomology

n. study of insects 虫豸学

Students majoring in entomology were busy watching ants carrying bits of food in the grass.

虫豸学系的先生正忙着不雅察蚂蚁在草地上搬运食品。

ethnology

n. study of the races of mankind 人种学

Ethnology is a branch of anthropology.

人种学是人类学的一个分科。

* anthropology

人类学

etymology

n. (study of) the origin and history of words 语源(学)

The professor explained that the etymology of the word was Greek and that it meant "stranger."

传授解释,那个字的语源是希腊文,意思是「陌生人」。

fortitude

n. strength, courage in the face of danger, pain, or difficulty 坚毅;刚毅

The town dealt with the aftermath of the hurricane with moving fortitude.

那个城镇的镇平易近以动人的坚毅立场,处理飓风过后的残局。

* aftermath

(灾害等的)余波;后果

* hurricane

飓风

Synonym

同义词:perseverance; endurance; intrepidity

Antonym

反义词:cowardice; timidity

hedonism

n. belief that pleasure is the chief good 享乐主义

Leaving the hard life of the farm, Barney headed for the hedonism of the big city.

离开农场艰苦的生活,巴尼寻求大年夜城市的享乐。

Antonym

反义词:asceticism

latitude

n. freedom in action or opinion (行动或百论的)自在范围

The teacher has given us a lot of latitude in choosing how to make our presentation on ancient Greece.

关于若何针对古希腊这个主题提出申报,师长教员赐与我们很多选择的自在。

Synonym

同义词:liberty; freedom

memorialize

v. to keep the memory of 纪念

The battle was memorialized with a huge statue of three soldiers raising the flag.

为了纪念此次战斗,人们建造了一座由三位兵士高举着国旗的巨大年夜雕像。

Synonym

同义词:commemorate; monumentalize

oculist

n. doctor of diseases of eyes 眼科医师

The oculists of the seventeenth century were amazed with the uses of improved glass lenses.

十七世纪的眼科医师,关于改正镜片的应用,认为惊奇。

optimism

n. tendency to look upon the bright side of things 乐上帝义;乐不雅

Laura's optimism was contagious, and soon the whole family believed the new business would succeed.

罗拉的乐不雅具有感染力,很快地全家人都信赖新的事业会成功。

* contagious

感染性的

Synonym

同义词:sanguineness

Antonym

反义词:pessimism; defeatism

ornithologist

n. expert in the study of birds 鸟类学家

Several ornithologists were invited to the park to survey the number of rare eagles nesting there.

有几位鸟类学家受邀大公园,调査在那边筑巢的罕见老鹰的数量。

passivism

n. failure to respond actively 消极主义

Eddie never joined class discussions and his passivism in class kept him from learning even more.

艾迪从不参与班上的评论辩论,他在班上的消极立场,使他没法学到更多。

proximity

n. nearness 接近

 

adj. proximate

Our campus' proximity to downtown allows students to enjoy the cultural activities of the city.

我们的校园接近市中间,便利先生参与市内的文明活动。

Synonym

同义词:contiguity; adjacency; vicinity

Antonym

反义词:farness; remoteness; distance

puerile

adj. like a child 像小孩的;老练的

Paul's puerile behavior embarrassed Jennifer so much that she left the party.

保罗老练的行动使珍妮佛认为非常困顿,是以她分开了宴会。

Synonym

同义词:childish; juvenile; naive

rationalize

v. to reason 使公道化;找籍口

Tina rationalized eating three chocolate bars for lunch by promising she would go on a diet tomorrow.

蒂娜以准予明天开端减肥作籍口,午餐时吃了三条巧克力。

Synonym

同义词:justify; account for

sagacity

n. wisdom 睿智;精明

 

adj. sagacious

My grandmother was well respected and everyone sought out Grandma's sagacity on a wide variety of topics.

我的祖母年高德劭,人们有各种各样的成绩,都仰赖祖母的睿智来处理。

Synonym

同义词:insight; judiciousness; sageness

sophist

n. person who uses clever but misleading arguments 诡辩家

Angela's uncle warned her of the many sophists working in government and told her to watch herself.

安琪拉的叔叔正告她,有很多爱诡辩的人在当局机构干事,她本身要当心。

victimize

v. to make a victim 使就义;使受益

Most rape victims are not only hurt by their attackers, but are also victimized by an unfeeling and unfair judicial system.

大年夜多半强暴案的受益人,不只遭到进击者的伤害,还成为无情又不公平的司法制度下的就义品。

Synonym

同义词:sacrifice

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