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日本屈膝投降日! 日本裕仁天皇的《终战诏书》全文中英对比

kira86 于2019-08-15发布 l 已有人浏览
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《终战诏书》是指日本昭和天皇在第二次世界大年夜战末期签订表示接收美、英、中、苏四国在波茨坦会议上发表的《波茨坦告诉布告》,赞成无条件屈膝投降的诏书。

To our good and loyal subjects:

兹告忠良臣平易近:

After pondering deeply the general trends of the world and the actual conditions obtaining in our empire today, we have decided to effect a settlement of the present situation by resorting to an extraordinary measure.

朕深鉴于世界大年夜势及帝国之近况,欲采取异常之办法,以整顿时局,兹告尔等臣平易近,

We have ordered our Government to communicate to the Governments of the United States, Great Britain, China and the Soviet Union that our empire accepts the provisions of their joint declaration.

朕已饬令帝国当局公告美英中苏四国愿接收其结合告诉布告。

To strive for the common prosperity and happiness of all nations as well as the security and well-being of our subjects is the solemn obligation which has been handed down by our imperial ancestors and which we lay close to the heart.

盖追求帝国臣平易近之康宁,共享万邦共荣之乐,斯乃皇祖皇宗之遗范,亦为朕所拳拳谨记者。

Indeed, we declared war on America and Britain out of our sincere desire to insure Japan's self-preservation and the stabilization of East Asia, it being far from our thought either to infringe upon the sovereignty of other nations or to embark upon territorial aggrandizement.

前者,帝国所以向美英两国宣战,实亦为祈求帝国之自存与东亚之安定而出此,至如排斥他国主权,侵犯其国土,固非朕之本志。

But now the war has lasted for nearly four years. Despite the best that has been done by everyone--the gallant fighting of our military and naval forces, the diligence and assiduity of out servants of the State and the devoted service of our 100,000,000 people--the war situation has developed not necessarily to Japan's advantage, while the general trends of the world have all turned against her interest.

然自交兵以来,已阅四载,虽陆海将兵大胆善战,百官有司励精图治,一亿众庶之奉公,各尽所能,而战局并未好转,世界大年夜势亦倒霉于我。

Moreover, the enemy has begun to employ a new and most cruel bomb, the power of which to do damage is, indeed, incalculable, taking the toll of many innocent lives. Should we continue to fight, it would not only result in an ultimate collapse and obliteration of the Japanese nation, but also it would lead to the total extinction of human civilization.

加上,敌方比来应用残暴之炸弹,频杀无辜,惨害所及,真未可逆料。如仍持续交兵,则不只招致我平易近族之灭亡,并将破坏人类之文明。

Such being the case, how are we to save the millions of our subjects, nor to atone ourselves before the hallowed spirits of our imperial ancestors? This is the reason why we have ordered the acceptance of the provisions of the joint declaration of the powers.

如此,则朕将何故保全亿兆之赤子,陈谢于皇祖皇宗之神灵。此朕所以饬帝国当局接收结合告诉布告者也。

We cannot but express the deepest sense of regret to our allied nations of East Asia, who have consistently cooperated with the Empire toward the emancipation of East Asia.

朕关于一直与帝国同为东亚束缚而尽力之诸盟邦,不能不深表遗憾;

The thought of those officers and men as well as others who have fallen in the fields of battle, those who died at their posts of duty, or those who met death [otherwise] and all their bereaved families, pains our heart night and day.

念及帝国臣平易近之逝世于战阵、殉于职宁、毙于非命者及其遗属,则五脏为之俱裂;

The welfare of the wounded and the war sufferers and of those who lost their homes and livelihood is the object of our profound solicitude. The hardships and sufferings to which our nation is to be subjected hereafter will be certainly great.

至于负战伤、蒙战祸、损掉家业者之生计,亦朕所深为轸念者也。往后帝国所受之磨难固非平常。

We are keenly aware of the inmost feelings of all of you, our subjects. However, it is according to the dictates of time and fate that we have resolved to pave the way for a grand peace for all the generations to come by enduring the [unavoidable] and suffering what is unsufferable. Having been able to save *** and maintain the structure of the Imperial State, we are always with you, our good and loyal subjects, relying upon your sincerity and integrity.

朕亦深知尔等臣平易近之衷情,然时运之所趋,朕欲忍其所难忍,堪其所难堪,认为万世开宁靖。朕于兹得以保护国体,信倚尔等忠良臣平易近之耻辱,并常与尔等臣平易近同在。

Beware most strictly of any outbursts of emotion that may engender needless complications, of any fraternal contention and strife that may create confusion, lead you astray and cause you to lose the confidence of the world.

如情之所激,妄滋事端,或许同胞相互排斥,捣乱时局,因此迷误大年夜道,掉信义于世界,此朕所深戒。

Let the entire nation continue as one family from generation to generation, ever firm in its faith of the imperishableness of its divine land, and mindful of its heavy burden of responsibilities, and the long road before it. Unite your total strength to be devoted to the construction for the future. Cultivate the ways of rectitude, nobility of spirit, and work with resolution so that you may enhance the innate glory of the Imperial State and keep pace with the progress of the world.

宜举国分歧,子孙相传,确信神州之不灭,念任重而道远,倾全力于将来之扶植,笃守道义,果断志操,誓必发扬国体之精华,不致落后于世界之退化。尔等臣平易近其克体朕意。

御名御玺
昭和二十年八月十四日

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