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名师答疑:raise和rise的用法和差别

kira86 于2018-09-25发布 l 已有人浏览
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“raise”和“rise”的意思有甚么不合?和详细用法详解。
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Ask a Teacher: Raise of Rise?

名师答疑:Raise 照样Rise

Have you ever been confused by the verbs "raise" and "rise"?Both words mean "to move upward."They also sound similar.But we don't use them in the same way.

你能否曾被“raise”和“rise”这两个动词弄懵懂?这两个词的意思都是“向上移动”。它们听起来也很类似。然则它们的应用的方法不合。

Adriana from Uruguay says:

来自乌拉圭的阿德里亚娜说:

I would like to know the difference in meaning between "raise" and "rise" and when to use one or the other.I asked this question to a U.S. citizen and she could not tell me the answer.

我想知道“raise”和“rise”的意思有甚么不合,和甚么时辰应用这两个词。为此我就教了一个美国公平易近,她也说不出个所以然。

Hello Adriana and thanks for writing to us!

阿德瑞娜你好,感谢你给我们写信!

That is a great question and something many English learners wonder about.The short answer is that "raise" is a transitive verb and "rise" is intransitive.I'll tell you what that means in a moment.

这是一个很好的成绩,也是很多中游棋牌大年夜厅客服者想知道的。简而言之,“raise”是及物动词,而“rise”是不及物动词。我一会儿我再详细告诉你。

But, as you saw, many native English speakers might not be able to describe that difference.I suspect the same is true for you in Spanish – the right words just come at the right time, perhaps without you knowing the technical reason.

然则,正如你所看到的,很多以英语为母语的人能够没法描述这类差别。合适的词语在合适的时间出现,我想你的母语西班牙语也是如此,或许连你也说不出个所以然。

To answer your question more fully, let me begin by giving you the dictionary meanings of each verb:

为了更周全地答复你的成绩,让我们先从每个动词的字典意义开端:

To raise means to lift or move something or someone upward.It also means to increase.

To raise意思是把某物或某小我向上举起或移动。它也有增长的意思。

To rise means to move upward or to increase.

To rise意思是向上移动或增长。

Notice that "raise" includes the words "something" and "someone."That's the big difference between the two.With "raise," something is causing the upward movement of something else, whereas with "rise," the cause is not stated.

留意,“raise”应用的对象可所以“something”和“someone”。这就是两个动词间的最大年夜差别。在某物惹起另外一物的上升活动中可以应用“raise”,但是应用“rise”的语境中并没有表现出这类因果关系。

Raise is a transitive verb, which means it takes a direct object.A direct object is a person or thing that receives the action of the verb.Here is an example:

“Raise”是一个及物动词,前面可以直接跟宾语。直接宾语是举措的遭受者。来看一个例子:

Adriana raised her hand when she had a question.

阿德里安娜有成绩要问,因而她举起了手。

Here, the subject (Adriana) is causing the object (her hand) to move upward.Here's another example:

在这个例句中,是主语(阿德里安娜)使她的手举起来的。还有一个列子:

The restaurant raised dinner prices for Valentine's Day.

饭铺在恋人节是日进步了晚餐的价格。

The subject (the restaurant) is causing the object (dinner prices) to increase.

主语(饭铺)招致了宾语(晚餐价格)的举高。

On the other hand, "rise" is intransitive.It is never followed by a direct object.Here's an example:

另外一方面,“rise”是不及物动词。它历来不直接跟宾语,来看一个例子:

Warm air rises.

热空气上升。

Here's another example:

还有别的一个例子:

Swedish stocks rose after the election Monday.

周一的选举日过后,瑞典股市上浮。

Looking at this example, we can see there is a cause for the rise of stocks,but we do not directly state it in the subject-verb-object way do with "raise."

由这个股票上浮的例子,我们可以看出股票上浮是有缘由的,然则我们并没有像“raise”那样直接用主-动-宾的方法来描述“上浮”。

Notice that the past tense of "rise" is "rose."That's because the verb is irregular: rise, rose, risen.But, "raise" is regular: raise, raised, raised.

留意,“rise”的之前式是“rose”。那是由于“rise”是个不规矩动词:rise, rose, risen。然则,“raise”是个规矩动词:raise,raised,raised.

Do you have a question for Ask a Teacher?Write to us in the Comments area.Be sure to list your country!

你有甚么成绩要咨询名师答疑吗?在评论区给我们留言。必定要列出你的国度!

And that's Ask a Teacher.

以上就是本期名师答疑的全部内容。

I'm Alice Bryant.

艾丽斯·布莱恩特为您播报。

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