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美国国度迷信院电子烟研究申报:电子烟短长知若干

kira86 于2018-10-19发布 l 已有人浏览
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美国国度迷信院(NAS)公布一项新的申报,申报整合800多项关于电子烟对应用者安康影响的迷信研究。

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Report: What’s Known About the Harms and Benefits of E-Cigarettes

电子烟短长知若干

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NAS) has released a new report looking at more than 800 scientific studies about the effects of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) on users’ health.

美国国度迷信院(NAS)公布一项新的申报,申报整合800多项关于电子烟对应用者安康影响的迷信研究。

The study, mandated by Congress, is the most comprehensive analysis of existing research about e-cigarettes.

此项研究由国会授权,周全分析了电子烟的影响。

The report draws dozens of conclusions about a range of public health impacts of e-cigarettes.

申报得出了一系列关于电子烟对公众安康影响的结论,

However, it does not conclude whether the overall impact is either positive or negative.

但并未说起全体影响是好是坏。

The report pays special attention to the impact of e-cigarettes on children and teenagers, who use them at higher rates than adults do.

申报重要存眷电子烟对儿童和青少年的影响,由于这些群体应用电子烟的频率比成人高。

Conclusions from the report:

相干结论

Exposure to nicotine varies, depending on the device, the e-liquid used in the device, and how the user operates it.

个别摄取尼古丁的若干因电子烟中烟油的含量和个别操作电子烟的方法而异。

Experienced adult users of e-cigarettes can get just as much nicotine as from regular cigarettes. Nicotine is the addictive drug in tobacco.

有经历的成年应用者摄取的尼古丁能够和吸烟一样多。

Most e-cigarettes contain and emit a variety of substances in addition to nicotine that could be toxic.

大年夜部分电子烟含有并释放多种除尼古丁以外的物质,而这些物质能够有毒。

There is generally far less exposure to these other toxic substances from e-cigarettes than from regular cigarettes.

但比拟浅显卷烟,人们接触电子烟释放的其他有毒物质就少很多了。

Using e-cigarettes can be addictive.

电子烟能够上瘾。

There is some evidence that the severity of an addiction to e-cigarettes likely depends on many factors, including the type and brand of the device, and the nicotine concentration and flavoring in the e-liquid used.

有证据注解对电子烟的成瘾程度取决于多种身分,这个中就包含应用的电子烟的品牌和类型,和烟油中尼古丁和喷鼻料的含量。

There is some evidence that the severity of an addiction to e-cigarettes is lower than for regular cigarettes.

另有证据注解人们对电子烟的成瘾严重程度比浅显卷烟要低很多。

Completely switching to e-cigarettes reduces the exposure to many toxins and cancer-causing substances in regular cigarettes.

用电子烟完全代替浅显卷烟可以增添人们接触有毒物质和致癌物质的种类。

However, many adults who use e-cigarettes also continue to use other tobacco products, too.

但是,很多成年人在选用电子烟的同时,仍持续吸食卷烟;

In the short term, completely switching to e-cigarettes can lower the harmful effects to the body caused by smoking.

短期而言,完全应用电子烟可以降低吸烟对身材的有害影响。

Long-term effects are not yet clear because e-cigarettes are relatively new. They have only been on the market since 2006.

经久而言,电子烟对身材的影响还不清楚明了,由于电子烟还是新兴事物(2006年才面世)。

E-cigarettes’ impact on youth

电子烟对青少年的影响

Young people use e-cigarettes more than any other tobacco product, and use them at higher rates than do adults.

青少年更偏向于应用电子烟而非卷烟产品,并且应用的频率比成年人高。

The NAS report found a strong association between youth using e-cigarettes and their likelihood of trying conventional cigarettes.

NAS的申报指出应用电子烟和将来吸食卷烟之间存在很大年夜的接洽关系性。

It’s not yet clear whether young e-cigarette users who try regular cigarettes will continue smoking over the long term.

但应用电子烟的青少年在测验测验卷烟以后能否会经久吸食,还不得而知。

In the past, the US Surgeon General has criticized e-cigarette marketers for using strategies that target young people.

美国卫生总署曾地下责备电子烟发卖方采取针对青少年的市场宣传战略。

Nicotine is highly addictive at any age, but is especially dangerous for children, teenagers, and young adults because their brains are still developing at this age.

任何阶段的人群都轻易迷上尼古丁,个中尤以儿童、青少年和年青工资甚,这是由于这些人群的大年夜脑还处于发育阶段。

Most users, including youth, prefer to use flavored e-cigarettes.

包含青少年在内的大年夜部分应用者都偏向于选用加了喷鼻料的电子烟,

Many flavors appear to be aimed at children, with names such as Cherry Crush and Cotton Candy.

而电子烟的很多口味也都是针对青少年,如樱桃味和棉花糖味。

American Cancer Society experts weigh in

威望说话

Experts from the American Cancer Society (ACS) acknowledge the continuing issues brought up by the NAS report, including:

美国癌症协会(ACS)专家坦言NAS的这份申报会带来一系列的成绩,包含:

An association between the use of e-cigarettes by youth and the eventual use of regular cigarettes

关于青少年应用电子烟与吸食浅显卷烟的接洽关系性

Evidence that e-cigarettes are not harmless, but are likely to be much less harmful than regular cigarettes

有证据注解电子烟并不是完全有害,但极有能够比浅显卷烟伤害小很多。

The long-term risks of continued use of e-cigarettes are not yet known

应用电子烟带来的经久风险还不得而知。

These are similar to findings of a recent comprehensive review conducted by ACS researchers.

这些结论与ACS比来所做的一项周全研究结论类似。

That review concludes that the overall population health effects of electronic cigarettes are complex, and there is not yet agreement among the scientific community.

ACS的申报指出电子烟对人们安康的全体影响很复杂,这在迷信界还没有杀青同一看法。

The populations most vulnerable to harmful effects of e-cigarettes might be youth and pregnant women because they are more likely than other populations to be harmed by exposure to nicotine.

电子烟的有害影响重要集中在青少年和孕妇,由于他们比其他群体更轻易因接触尼古丁而遭受不良影响。

The American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network, the advocacy affiliate of the American Cancer Society, is urging the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to use its full authority to regulate all tobacco products, including e-cigarettes.

ACS的部属国度政策划议机构癌症行动搜集正全力敦促美国食品药品监督管理局(FDA)应用其一切权柄对包含电子烟在内的一切烟草产品实施管束。

The FDA announced in 2016 that it would begin regulating e-cigarettes, hookahs, cigars, and other tobacco products the same way it does regular cigarettes.

FDA宣称会于2016年对电子烟、水烟、雪茄和其他烟草成品实施与浅显卷烟一样严格的管控办法。

But it later delayed until 2022 the deadline for tobacco companies to apply for approval to keep selling their products.

但随后将此日期推延至2022年,即:截止2022年,一切烟草公司如需持续发卖烟草成品须取得FDA许可。

原文来源:https://www.cancer.org/latest-news/report-whats-known-about-the-harms-and-benefits-of-e-cigarettes.html?_ga=2.49422434.518996323.1539409932-127578105.1539409932

 

留意事项:American Cancer Society news stories are copyrighted material and are not intended to be used as press releases. For reprint requests, please see our Content Usage Policy

留意事项:此网站一切文章版权均归美国癌症协会一切。如需转载或翻印,请细心浏览相干政策(Content Usage Policy).

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