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一年一岁一本书:30岁前必读的30本书 (收费下载)

kira86 于2011-10-11发布 l 已有人浏览
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一年一岁一本书:每小我30以岁前应当读完的30本书,含下载。

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一年一岁一本书:30岁前必读的30本书
30 Books Everyone Should Read Before You’re Thirty


注:小说类及非小说类混编

The Web is grand. With its fame for hosting informative, easy-to-skim textual snippets, and collaborative written works, people are spending more and more time reading online. Nevertheless, the Web cannot replace the authoritative transmissions from certain classic books that have delivered (or will deliver) profound ideas around the globe for generations.

The thirty books listed here are of unparalleled prose, packed with wisdom capable of igniting a new understanding of the world. Everyone should read these books before their thirtieth birthday.

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Siddhartha《流浪者之歌》 by Hermann Hesse [PDF格局下载]

A powerful story about the importance of life experiences as they relate to approaching an understanding of reality and attaining enlightenment

《流浪者之歌》是诺贝尔文奖得主赫塞融和器械文明,寻觅人类内涵精力真实体验的一部巨作。在本书中,赫塞藉由配角求道的过程,反响出躲藏众人心坎各类不安、困惑、莫名蠢动诱因力道之强大年夜,以坦白、不假润饰的真诚频率,带领读者以一种平和、不执妄的喜悦心,臻至寻求真我性灵的丰美与满足的地步。



1984《一九八四》 by George Orwell [PDF格局下载]

1984 still holds chief significance nearly sixty years after it was written in 1949. It is widely acclaimed for its haunting vision of an all-knowing government, which uses pervasive, twenty-four/seven surveillance tactics to manipulate all citizens of the populace.

《一九八四》是奥威尔的传世之作,可谓世界文坛最有名的反乌托邦、反极权的政治讽喻小说。他在小说中创造的“老大年夜哥”、“两重思维”、“ 新话”等词汇都已收人威望的英语词典,乃至由他的姓衍生出“奥威尔式” (Orwellian)、“奥威尔主义”(Orwellism)如许的通用词汇,赓续涌如今报导国际消息的记者笔下,足见其作品在英语国度影响之深远。



To Kill a Mockingbird《杀逝世一只知更鸟》 by Harper Lee [PDF格局下载]

The story surveys the controversial issues of race and economic class in the 1930s Deep South via a court case of a black man charged with the rape and abuse of a young white girl. It’s a moving tale that delivers a profound message about fighting for justice and against prejudice.

本书获1960年普利策奖。三十年代,美国大年夜萧条时代南部的一个小镇,三个天真孩子的生活由于两桩冤案而改变。赢弱而掉语的人、猛攻太多成见的蒙昧的人,还有猛攻准绳的仁慈的律师父亲,迫使他们艰苦地去懂得成人世界里的成见和冷淡,去懂得本相所包含的危机和没法,同时试着去懂得,坏人的心坎也能够无辜。



A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess [PDF格局下载]

A nightmarish vision of insane youth culture that depicts heart wrenching insight into the life of a disturbed adolescent. This novel will blow you away … leaving you breathless, livid, thrilled, and concerned.

《发条橙》是一部幻想小说,一个生活在英国将来社会的成绩少年,由于芳华斯躁动走上犯法门路,破坏社会,五毒俱全,后遭到社会制裁,被剥夺自在乎志,经过思虑与改革,他重新融入社会,认识到本身不过是上帝手中的一只发条橙……



For Whom the Bell Tolls 《战地钟声》by Ernest Hemingway[PDF格局下载]

A short, powerful contemplation on death, ideology and the incredible brutality of war.

《战地钟声》是描述西班牙内战,海明威表达了佛朗哥元帅极权统治不只影响西班牙人,也影响其他国度的人。那个时代,欧美国度很多左倾艺术家和知识分子,都 表态否决极权统治,毕加索更以有名巨型画作格尔尼卡(Guernica)批驳佛朗哥。于1940年出版。以西班牙内战为背景,描述满怀幻想的美国青年罗伯 特·约丹(Robert Jordan)自愿参战,流亡时因受伤而被抛弃在前方,因而单独与仇人火拼,最后以自杀了却此生的喜剧。故任务节复杂,人物刻画活泼。
 



War and Peace《战斗与战争》 by Leo Tolstoy [PDF格局下载]

This masterpiece is so enormous even Tolstoy said it couldn’t be described as a standard novel. The storyline takes place in Russian society during the Napoleonic Era, following the characters of Andrei, Pierre and Natasha … and the tragic and unanticipated way in which their lives interconnect.

托尔斯泰卷帙浩大的长篇小说。排场浩大年夜,人物单一,被称为“世界上最巨大年夜的小说”,成就非凡。《战斗与战争》问世至今,一向被人称为“世界上最巨大年夜的小说 ”。 这部卷帙浩大的巨著以史诗般广阔与雄浑的气概,活泼地描述了1805至1820年俄国社会的严重年夜汗青事宜和各个生活范畴:“近千小我物,有数的场景,国度 和私家生活的一切能够的范畴,汗青,战斗,人世一切悲剧,各类情欲,人生各个阶段,从婴儿来临人世的叫声到气味奄奄的老人的情感最后迸发,人所能感触感染到的 一切欢快和苦楚,各类能够的心坎思路,从盗取本身错误的货币的小偷的感到,到豪杰主义的最崇高的冲动和融合透辟的沉思— —在这幅画里都包罗万象。



The Rights of Man by Tom Paine [PDF格局下载]

Written during the era of the French Revolution, this book was one of the first to introduce the concept of human rights from the standpoint of democracy.

托马斯·潘恩的《人权论》主意禀赋权力和代议制平易近主共和的思维,个中处处表现出了对穷鬼平易近生活的存眷,否决社会的不对等,成为英国早期工人活动的发蒙教材,在英国工人活动思维史上具有不容忽视的感化.
 



The Social Contract《社会契约论》 by Jean-Jacques Rousseau [PDF格局下载]

A famous quote from the book states that “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains.” This accurately summarizes the book’s prime position on the importance of individual human rights within society.

社会契约论(法文:Du Contrat Social,又译《平易近约论》,或称政治权力道理)是法国思维家让·雅克·卢梭于1762年写成的一本书。《社会契约论》中主权在平易近的思维,是现代平易近主制度的基石,深刻地影响了渐渐废除欧洲君主相对权力的活动,和18世纪末北美殖平易近地摆脱英帝国统治、建立平易近主制度的斗争。美国的《自力宣言》和法国的《人权宣言》及两国的宪法均表现了《社会契约论》的平易近主思维。
 



One Hundred Years of Solitude《百年孤单》 by Gabriel García Márquez [PDF格局下载]

This novel does not have a plot in the conventional sense, but instead uses various narratives to portray a clear message about the general importance of remembering our cultural history.



The Origin of Species《物种来源》 by Charles Darwin
[PDF格局下载]

Few books have had as significant an impact on the way society views the natural world and the genesis of humankind.

必读来由

影响世界汗青过程的经典著作
震动世界的10本书之一
1985年美国《生活》杂志评选的人类有史以来的最好图书
1986年英国《读书》杂志推荐的幻想藏书
所阐述的退化论是19世纪天然迷信的三大年夜发明之一
  人类思维生长史上一座最巨大年夜的划时代的里程碑



The Wisdom of the Desert《戈壁的聪明》 by Thomas Merton

A collection of thoughts, meditations and reflections that give insight into what life is like to live simply and purely, dedicated to a greater power than ourselves.

这是一部比较本身更强大年夜的力量的思虑、冥想和反思的文集,它让人们懂得,假设简单而纯粹地生活,生命又是如何一番气候。



The Tipping Point《引爆风行》 by Malcolm Gladwell [PDF格局下载]

Gladwell looks at how a small idea, or product concept, can spread like a virus and spark global sociological changes. Specifically, he analyzes “the levels at which the momentum for change becomes unstoppable.”

《引爆风行》可谓是一部智力历险记忆,妙趣横生,极富有感染力,让人充分感触感染到思维的魅力和愉悦。特别重要的是,本书好像一幅思想导航图,让人看到思想的一种新的拓展方法,并且信赖,一个富有想像力的人只需能找准引爆点,就可以翻开一个充斥欣喜的世界。



The Wind in the Willows《柳林风声》 by Kenneth Graham [在线浏览]

Arguably one of the best children’s books ever written; this short novel will help you appreciate the simple pleasures in life. It’s most notable for its playful mixture of mysticism, adventure, morality, and camaraderie.

《柳林风声》为仅带读者经历植物配角们随着季候变更的生活故事,还活泼地描述了柳林中缭绕的友情与温情。此书也是哈利波特的作者JK•罗琳最爱好的文学作品,在哈利波特傍边,赫奇帕奇的意味獾也是以书里憨厚的獾师长教员为原型的。



The Art of War《孙子兵法》 by Sun Tzu
[PDF格局下载]

One of the oldest books on military strategy in the world. It’s easily the most successful written work on the mechanics of general strategy and business tactics.

《孙子兵法》是中国古典军事文明遗产中的残暴珍宝,是中国优良文明传统的重要构成部分。是世界三大年夜兵法之一(别的两部是:《战斗论》(克劳塞维茨) ,《五轮书》(宫本武藏) )其内容广博年夜精深,思维精邃富赡,逻辑严密严谨。作者为年龄末年的齐国人孙武(字长卿)。



The Lord of the Rings《魔戒|指环王》 by J.R.R. Tolkien [Ebook下载]

One of the greatest fictional stories ever told, and by far one of the most popular and influential written works in twentieth-century literature. Once you pick up the first book, you’ll read them all.



David Copperfield《大年夜卫·科波菲尔》 by Charles Dickens [PDF格局下载]

This is a tale that lingers on the topic of attaining and maintaining a disciplined heart as it relates to one’s emotional and moral life. Dickens states that we must learn to go against “the first mistaken impulse of the undisciplined heart.”



Four Quartets《四个四重奏》 by T.S. Eliot [PDF格局下载]

Probably the wisest poetic prose of modern times. It was written during World War II, and is still entirely relevant today … here’s an excerpt: “The dove descending breaks the air/With flame of incandescent terror/Of which the tongues declare/The only discharge from sin and error/The only hope, or the despair/Lies in the choice of pyre or pyre–/To be redeemed from fire by fire./Who then devised this torment?/Love/Love is the unfamiliar Name/Behind the hands that wave/The intolerable shirt of flame/Which human power cannot remove./We only live, only suspire/Consumed by either fire or fire.”



Catch-22《第二十二条军规》 by Joseph Heller [PDF格局下载]

This book coined the self-titled term “catch-22” that is widely used in modern-day dialogue. As for the story, its message is clear: What’s commonly held to be good, may be bad … what is sensible, is nonsense. Its one of the greatest literary works of the twentieth century. Read it.

第二十二条军规》是一部严肃的、讽刺性极强的小说。经过过程这部小说,约瑟夫·海勒将他眼中的美国社会展如今读者眼前。这个社会处于一种有组织的纷乱、一种制 度化了的猖狂当中,这个社会的一切只屈从“第二十二条军规”的荒诞逻辑。如许一种病态的、荒诞的社会只要海勒的想象力才能够包涵它,只要“黑色滑稽”如许 的创作手段才能够较好地表示它。



The Great Gatsby《了不得的盖茨比》 by F. Scott Fitzgerald [PDF格局下载]

Set in the Jazz Age of the roaring 20s, this book unravels a cautionary tale of the American dream. Specifically, the reader learns that a few good friends are far more important that a zillion acquaintances, and the drive created from the desire to have something is more valuable than actually having it.

二十世纪二十年代的美国,空气里漫溢着欢歌与纵饮的气味。一个有时的机会,穷人员尼克闯入了挥金如土的大年夜财主盖茨比隐蔽的世界,惊奇地发明,二心坎唯一的 牵绊竟是河对岸那盏小小的绿灯——灯影婆娑中,住着心爱的黛西。但是,冰冷的实际容不下缥缈的梦,到头来,盖茨比心中的女神只不过是凡尘俗世的物质女郎。 当一切本相大年夜白,盖茨比的喜剧人生亦如烟花般,残暴只是一瞬,幻灭才是永久。一阕华丽的“爵士时代”的挽歌,在菲茨杰拉德笔下,如诗如梦,在美国现代文学 史上留下了墨色浓厚的印痕。



The Catcher in the Rye《麦田守望者》 by J.D. Salinger [PDF格局下载]

This novel firmly stands as an icon for accurately representing the ups and downs of teen angst, defiance and rebellion. If nothing else, it serves as a reminder of the unpredictable teenage mindset.



Crime and Punishment《罪与罚》 by Fyodor Dostoyevsky [PDF格局下载]

A smooth-flowing, captivating novel of a young man living in poverty who criminally succumbs to the desire for money, and the hefty psychological impact this has on him and the people closest to him.

《罪与罚》是一本好书,但不是一道好菜。它会让幸福纯真者忽然间笑容解冻,吃不下、睡不好。《罪与罚》所传达的是一种绝后的重要和极真个苦楚,即使是相隔百年,那字里行间的意境,也仍会随着册页的翻动将脆弱的心再度揪紧。
 



The Prince《君主论》 by Niccolo Machiavelli [PDF格局下载]

This book does a great job at describing situations of power and statesmanship. From political and corporate power struggles to attaining advancement, influence, and authority over others, Machiavelli’s observations apply.

《君主论》集西方数千年权谋思维之精华,奠定了西方“厚黑学”之基本。它被称为险恶的圣经,毁誉参半,不论放在甚么处所都有几分惊世骇俗;但它又是一本不 可不读的奇书,一向被奉为欧洲历代君主的案头之书,政治家的最高指南,统治阶层稳固其统治的治国准绳,和人类有史以来对政治斗争技能最独到、最精辟的解 剖。同时,在政治界、宗教界、学术界等范畴惹起过巨大年夜的反响,被西方评论界列为和《圣经》、《本钱论》等等量齐观的影响人类汗青的十部著作之一。

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Walden《瓦尔登湖》 by Henry David Thoreau [PDF格局下载]

Thoreau spent two years, two months and two days writing this book in a secluded cabin near the banks of Walden Pond in Concord, Massachusetts. This is a story about being truly free from the pressures of society. The book can speak for itself: “I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived.”

这是一本极其优良的人生哲理书,但从根本上讲,这本书更能扩大年夜我们的平常视野,让我们从简单的生活开端进修知识。经过过程这本书,我们不只可以接触到大年夜量的动 物和植物学知识,还能懂得到更多的人文、地理和汗青知识。浏览它,我们能在平常与简单中逼真感触感染生活的意义与兴趣,也更能感触感染寂静之美。



The Republic《幻想国》 by Plato [PDF格局下载]

A gripping and enduring work of philosophy on how life should be lived, justice should be served, and leaders should lead. It also gives the reader a fundamental understanding of western political theory.

《幻想国》是西方政治思维传统的最具代表性的作品,经过过程苏格拉底与他人的对话,给先人展示了一个完美优胜的城邦。

 

  柏拉图把国度分为三个阶层:受过严格哲学教导的统治阶层、保卫国度的军人阶层、平平易近阶层。他鄙 视小我幸福,无穷地强调城邦全体、强调他一己认为的“公理”。在柏拉图眼中,第三阶层的人平易近是低下的,可以欺骗的。他付与了统治者无上的权力,乃至统治者 “为了国度好处可以用撒谎来关于仇人或许公平易近”

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Lolita《洛丽塔》 by Vladimir Nabokov [PDF格局下载]

This is the kind of book that blows your mind wide open to conflicting feelings of life, love and corruption … and at times makes you deeply question your own perceptions of each. The story is as devious as it is beautiful.

 《洛丽塔》讲述的是一个中年须眉对十二岁女孩的爱情故事。其近乎猖狂的情欲描述和取材的大年夜胆,招致它在五十多年前,曾一度被视为离经叛道的色情小说,但是它又不只仅是一本关于畸恋的浅显滞销书罢了,明天再读《洛丽塔》,那些精巧绝伦的写作技能,独特诱人的文字雕凿,富含莎士比亚性质的悲喜剧意韵,虽然翻译本难以现其原貌,依然能令人叹为不雅止…
 

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Getting Things Done by David Allen

The quintessential guide to organizing your life and getting things done. Nuff said.


How To Win Friends and Influence People《若何博得友情和影响他人》 by Dale Carnegie [PDF格局下载]

This is the granddaddy of all self-improvement books. It is a comprehensive, easy to read guide for winning people over to your way of thinking in both business and personal relationships.

人类汗青上最滞销的励志经典,洞见人性中转心灵的人生聪明。 卡耐基在书中以人性为基本。分析和阐述了处理人际关系的3大年夜技能、令人爱好你的6大年夜办法、引导他人的12种技能、压服他人的9大年夜准绳,这一套人际关系学令读者怦然心动,也使世界人类的相处之道为之一新,可以或许赞助读者最大年夜化地发掘自我潜能。 本书活着界出版史上创造了事业,很多青年企业家、营业员、家庭妇女、先生、热恋中的情侣都争相浏览。这实在实际上是一天性让人欣喜、令人思维更成熟、举止更稳重的好书。也是人平生中最重要的一本书。



Lord of the Flies《蝇王》 by William Golding [PDF格局下载]

A powerful and alarming look at the possibilities for savagery in a lawless environment, where compassionate human reasoning is replaced by anarchistic, animal instinct

《蝇王》是英国作家、诺贝尔文学奖取得者威廉·戈尔丁的代表作,是一本重要的哲理小说,借小孩的天真来商量人性的恶这一严肃主题。故事产生于想象中的第三次世界大年夜战,一群六岁至十二岁的儿童在撤退途中因飞机掉事被困在一座荒岛上,起先尚能和蔼相处,后情由于恶的本性的收缩起来,便相互残杀,产生喜剧性的成果。作者将笼统的哲理命题详细化,让读者经过过程浏览引人入胜的故事和冲动人心的争斗排场来加以体悟,人物、场景、故事、意象等都深具意味意义。



The Grapes of Wrath《末路怒的葡萄》 by John Steinbeck
[PDF格局下载]

Steinbeck’s deeply touching tale about the survival of displaced families desperately searching for work in a nation stuck by depression will never cease to be relevant.

《末路怒的葡萄》是美国30年代大年夜萧条时代的一部史诗。小说主人条约德刑满被释回家,发明故乡一片荒凉,只得携家乘坐一辆破旧的汽车到西部谋生,在那边的一个农场做工。一家人拼命干活,只能委曲生活,农场主还赓续地压低工资。农工们奋起对抗,举办罢工,警察前来反抗,牧师凯绥同情农工,被武装地痞打逝世。约德将凶手击毙,只得再次衣锦还乡。这部作品,反应了广大年夜人平易近大众对现存社会的日趋不满和起义精力,具有鲜明的时代特点。为此,斯坦贝克成了“被榨取者的代言人”。在艺术上,再现了30年代大年夜萧条时代的生活,在人物笼统的塑造上,强调外部特点,而不是商量奥妙的心思,因此他笔下的人物是类型化的而不是特性化的。意味手段和讽刺手段在作品中也取得了很好的应用。
 



The Master and Margarita《大年夜师和玛格丽特》 by Mikhail Bulgak [PDF格局下载]

This anticommunist masterpiece is a multifaceted novel about the clash between good and evil. It dives head first into the topics of greed, corruption and deception as they relate to human nature.



BONUS: How To Cook Everything by Mark Bittman

900 pages of simple instructions on how to cook everything you could ever dream of eating. Pretty much the greatest cookbook ever written. Get through a few recipes each week, and you’ll be a master chef by the time you’re thirty.



BONUS: Honeymoon with My Brother by Franz Wisner

Franz Wisner had it all … a great job and a beautiful fiancée. Life was good. But then his fiancée dumped him days before their wedding, and his boss basically fired him. So he dragged his younger brother to Costa Rica for his already-scheduled honeymoon and they never turned back … around the world they went for two full years. This is a fun, heartfelt adventure story about life, relationships, and self-discovery.
 

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