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美国17岁少年吸食电子烟肺部受损接收双肺移植手术

wjrxm 于2019-11-29发布 l 已有人浏览
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大夫对一名由于吸电子烟招致肺部严重受损的患者停止了初次双肺移植手术,据报导这场手术抢救了密歇根州一名少年的生命。
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Teenager Who Vaped Received Double Lung Transplant

美国17岁少年吸食电子烟肺部受损接收双肺移植手术

Health officials in the United States reported last week on what they believe could be a medical first.

美国卫生官员上周申报了他们所认为的首起医疗状况。

Officials said doctors performed what could be the first double lung transplant on a person whose lungs were severely damaged from vaping. The operation reportedly saved the life of a teenager from the state of Michigan.

官员们表示,大夫对一名由于吸电子烟招致肺部严重受损的患者停止了初次双肺移植手术。据报导这场手术抢救了密歇根州一名少年的生命。

The young man was admitted in early September to a Detroit-area hospital with what appeared to be pneumonia, a common lung infection. The teen was later sent to Children's Hospital of Michigan in Detroit. On October 3, he was transported to Henry Ford Hospital, where the transplant was performed 12 days later.

这名少年于本年9月初在底特律地区一家医院出院治疗,病症仿佛是肺炎这类罕见的肺部感染。这名少年后来被送往底特律的密歇根儿童医院。10月3日,他转去了亨特·福特医院,并在12天后接收了双肺移植手术。

Hassan Nemeh is surgical director of thoracic organ transplant at Henry Ford Hospital. He told The Associated Press that the damage done to the teenager's lungs from vaping could not be undone. He warned parents to think about that and to tell their children to do so as well.

哈森·内梅是亨利·福特医院胸腔器官移植手术的外科主任。他对美联社表示,电子烟对这名少年肺部形成的伤害没法逆转。他正告父母要推敲到这一点,并提示孩子们也要推敲到这点。

Health officials did not release the patient's name. But they did say he is expected to recover. They also did not say what product the teenager vaped or how long he vaped.

卫生官员并未泄漏这名患者的名字。然则他们确切称他有望康复。他们没有解释这名少年吸的是哪一种电子烟产品和吸了多久。

The hospital released a statement written by the teen's family. It said, "We asked Henry Ford doctors to share that the horrific life-threatening effects of vaping are very real! Our family could never have imagined being at the center of the largest adolescent public health crisis to face our country in decades."

医院发表了患者家眷的一份声明。声明称:“我们请亨特·福特医院的大夫告诉大年夜家,吸电子烟对生命形成的严重威逼是真实存在的。我们的家庭从未想象会成为几十年来美国最大年夜的青少年公共卫生危机的核心。”

More than 2,000 Americans who vape have gotten sick since March. Many of them are teenagers and young adults. At least 40 people have died.

自本年3月以来,曾经有两千多名吸电子烟的美国人得病。个中很多是青少年和年青人。至少有40人逝世亡。

Recently, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported a discovery into what might be causing people who vape to become sick. They identified the chemical compound vitamin E acetate as a "very strong culprit."

美国疾病控制与预防中间比来申报了一项发明,谈到了电子烟吸食人群得病的能够病因。他们认为维生素E醋酸盐化合物是“最大年夜的罪魁罪魁。”

Researchers found the chemical compound in fluid taken from the lungs of 29 patients. In other studies, Vitamin E acetate was found in liquid from electronic cigarettes and other vaping devices.

研究人员在29名患者肺部收集的液体中发清楚明了这类化合物。在其它研究中,电子烟等设备的液体中也发清楚明了维生素E醋酸盐。

Many who got sick said they had vaped liquids that contain THC, the part of marijuana that creates what is known as a "high." Many of those patients said they received the liquids from friends or bought them unlawfully.

很多患者表示,他们吸食的电子烟包含四氢大年夜麻酚成分,这是大年夜麻中会形成高兴的物质。很多患者表示,他们从同伙那取得这类液体,或许是不法购买所得。

E-cigarettes and other vaping devices heat a liquid into a gas or vapor. Most products contain nicotine, but THC vaping has been growing more common.

电子烟等设备将液体加热为气体或蒸汽。很多产品都含有尼古丁,然则含有四氢大年夜麻酚成分的电子烟变得愈来愈广泛。

Dr. Lisa Allenspach is a lung specialist and medical director of Henry Ford's Lung Transplant Program. She told The AP, "Vaping-related injuries are all too common these days. Our adolescents are faced with a crisis."

丽莎·阿伦斯帕奇博士是亨特·福特医院肺部移植项目标肺部专家和医学主管。她对美联社表示:“如今跟电子烟相干的伤害太罕见了。我们的青少年正面对危机。”

She added that vaping products should not be used in any way.

她还说不该该以任何情势吸食电子烟产品。

Dr. Nemeh said the 17-year-old patient's case does not open any new ethical considerations about transplants for people who severely damage their own lungs by vaping.

内梅博士表示,这名17岁患者的案例并未为那些吸电子烟招致本身肺部严重受损的人群翻开任何有关移植的伦理学新考量。

He added, "We hope sharing this patient's story prevents anyone else from experiencing a vaping injury that would require a transplant."

他还说:“我们欲望经过过程这名患者的案例收回警示,防止其他人遭受这类须要肺部移植的电子烟伤害。”

I'm Jonathan Evans.

我是乔纳森·埃文斯。

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