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听故事学4000英语词汇105:太空狗莱卡

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4000 Essential English Words 4 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇4 保罗·纳森

Unit 15 Word List

第15单位 单词表

although conj.

虽然,固然

You use although to say that one thing is contrasted by another.

用来表示一件事与另外一件事构成比较。

→ Although she was late, her friends gave her a warm welcome.

固然她迟到了,她的同伙们照样热烈迎接她。

apply v.

涂,敷

To apply something means to put it on.

表示将某物放于下面。

→ She always applies makeup to her face before going outside.

她出门前总要化妆。

await v.

等待,等待

To await something means to wait for it.

等待某事。

→ The players awaited the judge's decision.

活动员们等待着裁判的判决。

beloved adj.

心爱的;挚爱的

When something is beloved, it is very special and you like it very much.

表示异常爱好某物。

→ The boy took a nap next to his beloved cat.

男孩在二心爱的猫旁边打了个盹。

bury v.

安葬;隐蔽

To bury someone or something means to put them in the ground.

把某事或或人埋在地下。

→ They buried their grandfather under his favorite tree after he died.

祖父去世后,他们把他埋在他最爱好的树下。

climate n.

气候

A climate is the usual weather in a place.

指一个处所平日的气象。

→ The climate in the desert is very hot.

戈壁里的气候很热。

complain v.

抱怨;控告

When you complain, you say that you are unhappy about something.

表示对某事不高兴。

→ The workers complained that they were being treated unfairly.

工人们抱怨他们遭到不公平的待遇。

confuse v.

使纷乱;使困惑

To confuse someone means to make them feel like they are unsure.

让或人认为不肯定的。

→ The sign confused the traveler because it pointed in two directions.

这个标记把观光者弄懵懂了,由于它指向两个偏向。

due adj.

到期的;预期的

When something is due, it is expected to happen or be done at that time.

表示某件事被希冀在那个时辰产生或被完成。

→ The papers were due on the 19th.

论文截止日期是19日。

entire adj.

全部的

When you talk about an entire thing, you are talking about the whole thing,

表示一全部的。

→ He was so hungry that he ate the entire pizza by himself.

他饿得一小我把全部披萨都吃了。

establish v.

建立,创建

To establish something means to create it.

创造某物。

→ He wanted to establish a club for people to help the Earth.

他想建立一个赞助地球的俱乐部。

furnace n.

火炉,熔炉

A furnace is a place where heat is made.

产生热量的处所。

→ Mr. Jones came to fix the furnace.

琼斯师长教员来修炉子。

leash n.

皮带

A leash is a rope or chain that is used to lead an animal.

指用来牵植物的绳索或链子。

→ A lot of dogs must wear a leash to keep them from running away.

很多狗必须系上皮带才能不让它们跑掉落。

mature v.

成熟

To mature means to grow up to become an adult.

长大年夜成为一个成年人。

→ When they matured, they became as tall as their parents.

他们长大年夜后变得和父母一样高。

measure v.

丈量;估计

To measure something means to find out the quality, value, or effect of it.

发明某事的质量、价值或后果。

→ The scientists carefully measured the amount of chemicals in the tubes.

迷信家们细心地丈量了试管中化学物质的含量。

midst n.

傍边,中心

The midst of something is the middle of it.

事物的中间。

→ She was in the midst of cleaning when the telephone rang.

德律风铃响时,她正在清除房间。

misery n.

苦楚,悲凉

Misery is extreme suffering.

极真个苦楚。

→ There was a lot of misery after Sam lost his dog.

萨姆掉去了他的狗后,悲哀欲绝。

prior adj.

先前的;优先的

When something happened prior to something else, it happened earlier.

一件事前于另外一件事产生

→ Ron had to wait since he arrived prior to the scheduled meeting time.

罗恩不能不等着,由于他比预定的会议时间早到了。

research n.

研究

Research is close and careful study to discover new things.

指为了发明新事物而停止的密切而细心的研究。

→ Scientists did a lot of research on the subject of blood type.

迷信家们对血型做了很多研究。

variety n.

多样;种类

A variety of something is a group of many different kinds of it.

由很多不合种类的事物构成的一组。

→ There are a variety of flowers at the shop.

市廛里有各类各样的花。

Laika, the Space Dog

太空狗莱卡

One of the world's most beloved space travelers was also the furriest. Laika was a little dog living on the streets of Moscow, Russia. She matured on the streets because no one would give her a home. She had to learn how to live without eating much. She found ways to keep warm in a very cold climate. Scientists thought a tough dog like Laika would do well in a project they were putting together.

地球上最受迎接的太空观光者之一也是最毛茸茸的。莱卡是一只生活在俄罗斯莫斯科街头的小狗。她在街上长大年夜,由于没有人收留她。她必须学会如安在不吃太多的情况下生活。她找到了在异常酷寒的气候中保持暖和的办法。迷信家们认为像莱卡如许的硬汉狗在他们正在停止的一个项目中会做得很好。

In a prior launch, Russia had put the first man-made object into space. Now, scientists wanted to see if a living thing could go to space. Although many facts about space had been learned, they weren't enough to help send humans to space safely.

在之前的一次发射中,俄罗斯将第一小我造物体送入太空。如今,迷信家们想看看能否有生物能进入太空。虽然人们曾经懂得了很多有关太空的现实,但它们缺乏以赞助人类安然进入太空。

Laika and two other dogs were chosen to help scientists with their research. The animals were used in a variety of tests. In the end, though, only Laika would go to space. On November 3, 1957 the Sputnik 2 spaceship was due to leave Earth.

莱卡和别的两只狗被选来赞助迷信家停止研究。这些植物被用于各类各样的实验。不过,终究只要莱卡能进入太空。1957年11月3日,斯普特尼克2号宇宙飞船预定分开地球。

Scientists carefully applied wires to Laika's skin to measure her body's reactions once she got into space. Laika also wore a special leash. Without it, she would float around in the spaceship. Soon after, Laika left the planet. Scientists on Earth awaited information from the shin.

迷信家们当心翼翼地将电线连接到莱卡的皮肤上,以丈量她进入太空后的身材反响。莱卡还戴着一条特别的皮带。没有它,她就会在宇宙飞船里漂浮。不久,莱卡分开了这个星球。地球上的迷信家们正在等待来自莱卡胫骨的信息。

But in the midst of so much excitement, something very sad happened. Scientists were able to tell that Laika was under a lot of stress. The trip confused and scared her. Laika's entire ship had become as hot as a furnace. Scientists were powerless to help the dog in her misery. After about five hours, Laika died.

然则在这么多的高兴当中,产生了一件异常悲哀的任务。迷信家们发明莱卡压力很大年夜。此次观光使她认为困惑和害怕。莱卡的整艘船都热得像火炉一样。迷信家们有力赞助这只狗摆脱苦楚。大年夜约五小时后,莱卡逝世了。

Some have complained that the little dog should never have been used in the mission. Scientists knew that she would not survive the trip. Laika was never buried, but a memorial has been established in Moscow. There are many songs and books about her, too. It seems that Laika became a hero to many people.

一些人抱怨说,如许的义务不该该选用如许一只小狗。迷信家们知道她没法在此次观光中幸存上去。人们没法安葬莱卡,但莫斯科为它建立了一座纪念碑,也有很多关于她的歌曲和书。莱卡仿佛成了很多人心目中的豪杰。

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